Dark circles and puffiness are Age and gravity related First and foremost!
Age-related skin aging is the main factor in the appearance of various types of dark circles and puffiness. Sooner or later, everyone faces the appearance of these pockets that make the eyes look tired. As we age the covering of adipose tissue which protects the eyeball from its bone cavity and from external aggressions disappears with time. The very delicate skin below the eye, which loses collagen over the years, is also affected by gravity, which draws fat down by stretching the skin.
With age, the orbicular muscle in turn slides down and no longer holds the underside of the eye. Thus manifests the ptosis (sagging) of the fatty tissues which maintain the structure of the face, in particular at the level of the cheekbone.
The lymphatic system becomes slower and, is most likely responsible for the puffiness under the eyes. The fluid contains white bloods cells, and other organic residue which purifies the body is no longer moving fast.
Vessels in the lymphatic system which drain these residues lodged in the tissues can result in small edemas if their circulation, slows down more.
1. Blue dark circles
They are called vascular circles and correspond to the appearance of a bluish circle around the eye. In this case, dark circles are caused by a dysfunction of the blood and lymphatic circulation, which normally drains several elements and in particular, the pigments of the blood. Accumulated, blood pigments can form a heap under the thinnest layers of the skin. Age or genetic reasons, cause microcirculation of the lower eyelid becomes less effective.
The blood capillaries, mainly composed of collagen https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/collagen-benefits, thus become more distended and a venous stasis appears until pigmenting the skin.
2. BROWN DARK CIRCLES
The mechanisms leading to their formation are varied. Since the epidermis and dermis of the lower eyelid are really very thin (less than 0.6 mm thick), the skin easily shows excess pigment and the accumulation of melanin pigments in the surface layers of the epidermis.
Dark circles tend to appear most frequently in India and the Middle East, Caribbean where people have darker skin tones. They also often appear in people with a family predisposition to produce melanin in the areas around the eyes.
When they are due to hyperpigmentation they are
very difficult to treat, and the demand is great, especially for ethnic skin so far Peeling gives the best results.
3. Violet colored dark circles
Before treating them, it is necessary to know the causes of the appearance of Hereditary dark circles or signs of aging, they appear on people with thin and transparent skin. These dark circles are accentuated by poor blood circulation. Dark circles can also be the result of a side effect of certain diseases or allergies
4. Sunken eyes
Finally, a distinction is also made between so-called pigmentary rings and dark circles called hollows. They are often the result of the disappearance of the fat which is between the skin (very thin on the lower eyelid) and the orbital bone: this phenomenon is called “skeletonization” or “orbitalization” of the eyes. You can then see the edge of the orbital bone through the skin.
OTHER CAUSES OF dark circles
But dark circles can appear in other circumstances.
- For example, bile or liver problems can cause dark circles.
- In some cases of constipation or poor elimination, the eyelids may even turn green.
- Periods of hormonal changes such as menstruation, pregnancy or menopause can also cause the appearance of dark circles.
There are two main causes for the under the eye pockets
- Water retention
The edema responsible for swelling under the lower eyelid can have multiple origins: lack of sleep, too rich a diet, alcohol or tobacco, which is known to be harmful for venous and lymphatic microcirculation. All these factors contribute to the retention of liquids in the body and cause the appearance of puffiness.
Did you know that salt can promote the appearance of puffiness under the eyes and the swelling effect on the eyes?
Dark circles that are a bit more swollen are due to water retention and come from salty food.
Avoid adding too much eating salt can help you avoid dark circles and bags under the eyes.
Cold to eliminate puffiness the cold is a good ally for removing bags under the eyes. The cold helps tighten the skin and reduce the effect of puffy and ringed eyes.
Here is a quick tip to immediately reduce swelling under the eyes
Take two ice cubes and place them in a small towel.
- Place the towel under your eyes. -Never place the ice cubes directly on the skin
- Leave on for 5 minutes to reduce puffiness.
- Fatty Deposits
Over the years, fatty deposits can also build up under the eyes. It is a displacement of the fat which protects the eye and which is normally found in the orbit. It can be a simple sagging of the skin and muscles around the eye due to aging, but it can also occur in a congenital or hereditary field.
Here are some of the best ways to reduce dark circles, puffiness and Sunken eyes
One of the best options for maintaining a bright, rested look throughout the day is surgery. There are of course many natural remedies to help reduce puffy dark circles, but when the cause of the problem is an excess of fat and skin in this area of the face blepharoplasty is the best way to remove dark circles.
It consists of correcting the appearance of the pockets under the lower eyelid,by allowing the excess tissue to be repositioned and strengthen the muscles surrounding the lower part of the eyeball.
2. lipofilling method.
It consists of injecting the person’s own fat to restore volume and fill a void. The Do make sure to choose the right specialist, who must absolutely master the technique. In fact, unlike what happens with hyaluronic acid, the fat is not absorbable and, once the injection is made, the result is long lasting
To prevent the appearance of dark circles, it is especially important to moisturize the eye area, with moisturizing creams and serums enriched with antioxidants. After thirty, bet on anti-aging treatments that will plump and smooth the eye area.
Gels: for the eye area are real allies to stimulate micro-circulation and decongest the eyes to reduce bluish circles or puffiness
4. Vitamin K
It is important to remember that a good intake of vitamin K has a concealer effect. And yes, vitamin K is essential for hemostasis (blood clotting) and the metabolism of bones and other tissues.
Vitamin K is found in …
- Certain vegetables (broccoli, asparagus, spinach, peas, cauliflower, artichoke, lettuce, celery, chicory, leek, potato)
- Certain herbs and roots such as parsley and chicory.
- Certain cereals such as oats
Use concealer. It is the most effective trick to fight against the shadows created by the hollow of your dark circles. Choose a color very close to your natural complexion. https://www.paulaschoice.com/expert-advice/makeup-tips/eyes/how-to-choose-and-use-concealer.html
Careful, the concealer may make you look even more tired. Tap the material with your finger in the hollow. Then apply a little highlighter in the inner corner of the eye. To gain volume under your eyes, you can also use a silicone eraser and apply over your concealer