Hyaluronic acid is a substance produced naturally by our body. It was discovered in 1934 by scientists from the Department of Ophthalmology at Columbia University in New York, John Palmer and Karl Meyer.
This molecule owes its name to the Greek word hyalos which means “glassy” and to its high concentration of uronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is present in our body, mainly in the skin cells (dermis and epidermis), but also in cartilage, ligaments, joints, cornea, etc.
Hyaluronic acid has many benefits:
- Skin hydration: as a powerful hydrating agent, hyaluronic acid helps reduce water loss
- Reduction in the appearance of wrinkles: within a few weeks, the depth of your wrinkles decreases
- Treatment of imperfections such as wounds or sunburns: hyaluronic acid is also beneficial for treating lesions, burns or sores in the mouth, thanks to its hydration power
- Accelerated healing: by stimulating the activity of cells responsible for the production of cartilage and tissues, hyaluronic acid accelerates the healing of wounds
- Joint lubrication: hyaluronic acid is also known to help reduce joint pain, especially osteoarthritis
- Reduction of eye discomfort: Hyaluronic acid is the main component of the vitreous humor, so its use may be useful in eye surgeries such as cataracts or corneal transplants.
Our hyaluronic acid is derived from biotech and does NOT come from animal origin. It is obtained by fermentation of wheat peptone, yeast extract, and glucose. Glucose and peptone in wheat are of plant origin, yeast extract comes from fermentation. Genetically modified organisms and raw materials are NOT used in the production process.
There are different sizes of hyaluronic acid: high molecular weight and low molecular weight.
The high molecular weight hydrates on the surface forming a protective film. How is it useful? It keeps the skin hydrated for longer. The low molecular weight stimulates the skin which, thanks to it, is more firm and elastic. It is also responsible for the production of hyaluronic acid naturally found in the skin.
AN ACTIVE NATURALLY PRESENT IN THE SKIN
Hyaluronic acid is a natural component of the skin, part of the family of Natural Moisturizing Factors. It is found in the epidermis and dermis in greater proportion. The different forms of hyaluronic acid can be used in an anti-aging treatment in several ways:
- Injection to fill wrinkles beneath the skin’s surface
- Cream enriched with hyaluronic acid
- Hyaluronic acid capsules for ingestion
The results of these uses are not the same. Thus, injections remain the fastest and most visible solution, but they need to be repeated regularly, as it gradually breaks down in the body. Creams (and therefore powder) are the least effective because they only work on the hydration of the upper layer of the epidermis. Capsules seem to be the best alternative, but you should be aware that there is debate among researchers that not all agree on their effects. Apart from the body’s natural production of hyaluronic acid, the only way to get it for a long time was by extracting it from the ridge of roosters. This by making it, an expensive product, which was not suitable for everyone for ethical reasons. Today, the term “natural” is overused. Indeed, we imply that this is a version that is not of animal origin and therefore comes from plants. In aesthetic medicine, hyaluronic acid of different molecular weights is used by injection depending on the areas to which you want to restore volume. Thus we use high molecular weight hyaluronic acid, very viscous in the cheeks and low molecular weight hyaluronic acid, fluid, in fine wrinkles under the eyes for example.