The sun is essential not only for the synthesis of vitamin D, which enables us to fix the calcium and phosphorus we need for our bones, but also for the prevention of depression, the regulation of our internal clocks, and to improve our ability to learn, among other things. While it is important to us, it is also extremely dangerous in high doses, and several visible and invisible forms of radiation can damage the skin.

It was thought that only UV rays affected skin cells, but recent studies have shown that  almost all types of light affect the skin. Depending on their wavelength, they cause various cutaneous malfunctions that accelerate the skin aging process, thereby changing the skin’s external appearance, redness, spots, lines, and wrinkles.


Melanin is a natural pigment found in many living things including humans. It is known to give skin its brown coloration. Its role is essential because it helps protect the skin against ultraviolet rays.

Its concentration in the human body defines the coloring of the skin, hair, and the eyes.

Melanin is an essential factor in skin tanning and plays a protective role for the skin. It is the latter that captures ultraviolet rays which are a factor in the degradation of human skin.

These ultraviolet rays contribute to the destruction of the skin by creating skin cancer, lesions, and skin spots. So, you need to understand that melanin plays a protective role in the skin against aging. It also improves the functioning of the nervous system to facilitate the speed of messages sent by the brain to reach others from the body, especially in people with melanoderma.

In humans, the type and concentration of melanin notably define the color of the skin, hair, and eyes.

The greater its concentration in the superficial layers of the skin, the darker the skin appears.


Melanin is involved in the mechanisms of tanning and plays an essential photoprotective role.

It can capture ultraviolet (UV) rays known to be harmful to the skin. There are 2 types of ultraviolet radiation can reach the skin and damage it: UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin and can cause significant damage. They are particularly involved in the development of wrinkles, skin spots, precancerous skin lesions and skin cancer. In high doses, UVB rays burn the skin. They also promote cancerous development.

Melanin, this little pigment in our skin, marginal in terms of everything that differentiates us from each other, plays an essential role in the protection of the DNA of our cells against ultraviolet rays.


While the natural melanin found in our skin really works to protect against UVA/UVB damage, there is also a non-GMO derived Melanin that can be added to your skincare routine that will help protect skin from the most damaging type of light which is HEB high energy visible light

Contained in our  EXPRESS Resveratrol cream

It is called fractionated Melanin

It is called fractionated Melanin

  • Protects skin from harmful effects of HEV light
  • Prevents oxidative stress
  • Prevents the generation of an impaired barrier
  • Prevents skin aging that is generated though accelerated cell senescence
  • Prevents hyperpigmentation


Where do pigment spots come from?

Dark spots are a sign of a skin pigmentation disorder. To understand the mechanism of their appearance, we must therefore be interested in the process of skin pigmentation.



Melanocytes, melanin, hyperpigmentation

Skin pigmentation is linked to the action of melanocytes, the epidermal cells that produce melanin, which is responsible for the coloring of the skin. There are two types of melanin: eumelanin (black or dark brown) and phaeomelanin (red), which are present in varying proportions in each person.

The spots are due to a dysfunction of the melanocytes which produce an excessive or insufficient quantity of melanin, causing clusters of pigments or on the contrary a depigmentation, as for example in the case of vitiligo, a skin condition which marks the disappearance of the melanocytes. Brown or white spots then appear on the skin. The parts of the body most affected by this problem are the face, décolleté and hands.

There are four main causes of dark spots on skin.

  1. Sun damage

The main factor involved is exposure to the sun. UV rays, in particular UVA rays, induce skin photoaging and disrupt the distribution of melanin which concentrates on localized areas. This phenomenon causes what are called solar lentigines or actinic lentigines, more commonly known as sunspots. The risk of pigment spots linked to the sun is more important when there is insufficient or no sun protection.



  1. Skin aging and free radicals

Another factor that promotes pigment spots is skin aging, caused by free radicals. We then speak of age spots or senile lentigines. Free radicals are produced by our bodies during the metabolism of oxygen. They destabilize cells and cause an oxidation reaction called “radical attack” or “oxidative stress”.

Free radicals are favored by many things: the sun, pollution, tobacco, anxiety and stress, an unbalanced diet. They cause an overload of the epidermal cells which results in premature aging, a degradation of collagen, imperfections as well as dark spots which dull the complexion. To counteract these negative effects, you can take antioxidant supplements throughout the year. For example Resveratrol or Astaxanthin, as well as Vitamin C

  1. Hormones

In many women, spots on the skin can also be linked to hormonal changes. Taking birth control pills, pregnancy and menopause are all factors that can cause dark spots to appear. Pregnant women are thus often confronted with melasma, a hyper melanosis better known under the term “pregnancy mask”. Spots then form on the cheekbones, forehead and top of the lips. This type of skin spot is particularly difficult to remove and can last for many years.


  1. Inflammation due to poor diet

Glycation is a kind of “spontaneous caramelization” of organic proteins. It is neither programmed nor intended by the body and occurs simply because of the presence of sugars and blood and cellular proteins.

Few people know about the phenomenon of glycation, which is nevertheless one of the fundamental mechanisms of aging and can have at least as important consequences on health. This phenomenon is natural and a healthy organism generally knows how to manage it, but it can become “out of control”, for example, if you consume too many sugars, too much grilled or charcoaled food or when we suffer from stress.




Residual scars

An insect bite, a burn or acne are all conditions that weaken the skin, leave scars, and make the epidermis more vulnerable to dark spots. Indeed, they induce an inflammatory process which will produce enzymes. These, together with UV rays, increase the risk of a brown spot.

Other causes

In some cases, brown spots on the skin can be the consequence of the use of aggressive skincare products or frequent exfoliation which sensitizes and weakens the epidermis or of genetic factors which predispose to the development of skin spots.

What is the evolution of a pigment spot?

Dermatologists distinguish three stages in the development of a brown spot. The first is the emerging spot: the excess melanin rises to the surface of the epidermis and alters the uniformity of the skin texture without the stain being visible to the naked eye.

The second stage is the spot installed: the excess pigments spread to the upper layers of the skin and the spots become visible.

The third and final step represents the recurring spots. Even if melanin clumps are eliminated on the surface, the melanocytes remain disordered and the brown spot can reappear at any time, especially with exposure to the sun.



What can you do to prevent the appearance of dark spots on the skin?

The first thing to keep in mind is Patience.  Dark spots are difficult to lighten, but it is possible.

The best way to limit the appearance of dark spots is to follow simple prevention principles every day. Skin care, sun protection and healthy lifestyle are the three elements to be favored.

Protect your skin from the sun.

To prevent the appearance of dark spots on your skin, sun protection is a must! If you want to avoid spots, use all year round, even in cloudy weather and in the city, a day cream with a high sun protection factor (at least SPF 30). We recommend using a ZINC OXIDE sunscreen, it is not irritating as other sunscreens.

At the same time, it is always best not to go out in the sun during the time of Zenith between 12 p.m. and 2 p.m.

Complete your sun protection by wearing a wide-brimmed hat or even an anti-UV hat to cover your face and protect it from pigment spots.



Maintain a healthy lifestyle.

A healthy lifestyle also plays a role in the quality of the skin and the prevention of skin spots. We recommend that you first eat a varied and balanced diet, limit the consumption of fatty and sugary foods and exercise regularly.


Stress has a significant impact on the skin because it promotes the development of free radicals that cause aging and dark spots. Several methods exist to learn to manage your stress daily. To find the one that will be the most suitable for you, consult our advice sheet: “How to manage your stress?” “.

 Brightening skincare.

Any anti-spot treatment aims to reduce the production of melanin and blur the contours, size, and color of pigment spots. To be effective, an anti-dark spot skincare routine must act on four distinct fronts:

  • exfoliation, with fruit acids (BHA) or salicylic acid.
  • inhibition of tyrosinase (enzyme controlling the production of melanin), with Resveratrol and Melanin Our Express anti dark spots is best
  • anti-inflammatory action, with panthenol or vitamin B3 (niacinamide)     
  • antioxidant action, with vitamins C and Peptides

Resveratrol derived from Grape seeds: This is a polyphenol that activates what are called sirtuins. These proteins are known to be so-called longevity proteins that allow cells to extend their lifespans. This molecule is very restorative. It is specifically found in the seed film. It is a polyphenol belonging to the class of stilbenes. It can be found in over 70 species of plants, such as blackberries, pomegranate, peanuts, lingonberries, rhubarb, cocoa, blueberries and walnuts. The molecule acts both as a prevention and as a treatment with a view to rejuvenating the skin. The question is therefore to know to what extent the various properties of this molecule contribute to the prevention, even to the cure of skin aging.

Resveratrol to help fight dark spots and age spots


 Resveratrol is a phytoalexin, which is an antibiotic substance that is produced by the plant when it is attacked by a microorganism. Its release in the plant helps limit the spread of damage caused by aggression.

Resveratrol is a chemical molecule from the polyphenol family. Polyphenols are molecules present in plants, known for their antioxidant properties.

This molecule exists in two different forms: a cis- form and a trans- form. We are talking about isomers. It is the trans- form which has the most effective antioxidant action and the one that we use in our Morganna’s Express Spot remover

What are the properties of resveratrol?

There are over 3 million studies currently that have been done showing its beneficial properties and how Resveratrol is now considered to be a “Youth Molecule”

  1. The properties of resveratrol may not only confer cardiovascular benefits in grapes and red wine, but also be the source of the therapeutic potential of several fruits, super-foods and medicinal plants.
  2. Antioxidant power. Resveratrol is often touted as a powerful natural antioxidant. And for good reason, since numerous studies have shown it to be able to oppose the accumulation of free radicals, these hyperactive elements responsible for a lot of damage within the body.
  3. Anti-aging effects. Its antioxidant properties give it an anti-aging action. By countering the damage caused by free radicals, resveratrol helps to fight against the premature aging of body tissues. In addition, some studies show that it may be able to activate certain longevity genes. It is for these different reasons that this active principle is used in cosmetic anti-wrinkle creams.
  4. Anti-inflammatory activity. Several studies have shown that it limits the secretion of pro-inflammatory substances. In this way, it can reduce or even prevent certain inflammatory reactions
  5. Anti-cancer action. Studies show that its anti-inflammatory activity also helps it fight against the development of cancer cells. This anti-cancer action of resveratrol has aroused the interest of many specialists.
IT’S A GREAT SHIELD. “it is also effective against pigment disorders by inhibiting an enzyme that causes dark spots,” adds Dr. Baxter

Resveratrol protects us from oxidation, this process of cell alteration caused in part by external aggressions and which the body cannot channel. Four out of five wrinkles are due to this phenomenon.



A study published in The Lancet shows that the antioxidant power of these molecules would be 10,000 times more effective than that of vitamin E. To benefit from it, do not put your nose outside without having applied a dab of cream rich in this substance on your face, cleavage.



In skincare:

Resveratrol fights Glycation: A phenomenon of “caramelization” of fibers under the effect of sugar which leads to the intensification of wrinkles and to an accelerated loss of elasticity and firmness. It is again a surprising capacity of protection that this marvelous molecule offers.

It also stimulates the production of two kinds of collagen. Type I collagen, present in the deep dermis, which maintains the skin.  As well as type III collagen, present between the cells, which ensures the density and the “bounce” of our features.



To understand the actions of Resveratrol we must also understand oxidation in particular skin oxidation.



What is skin oxidation?

Take an apple, cut it, and leave it in the open air … after a few hours, its flesh turns brown and dries up. Its oxidized.

Unlike the apple, our skin naturally produces antioxidants to protect itself. But these molecules reduce activity when the body is exposed daily to oxidizing factors such as stress, fatigue, pollution, smoking and of course the sun. To defend itself, the skin emits free radicals, in excess. These are the ones that over the long term eat away at the cells of the epidermis and cause age spots, hyperpigmentation, dark spots, wrinkles, and folds.


Why use antioxidant treatments?

To combat this phenomenon of skin oxidation in a targeted manner.  This is where the ‘Youth Molecules “ like Resveratrol come in.

Click here for Natalie’s testimonial:


A Novel Ingredient in skin care you need to know about

Pea peptides are long chains of amino acids that form part of the protein in peas. When proteins are broken down into peptides in the body, they play a vital role in general health, acting as “messengers” to tell cells how to function. In skin care products, when the formulation is right and protected against degradation, peptides can play the same role.


Pea peptide is a complete source of essential amino acids, especially lysine, which is an essential building block of human cells. This unique balance of nutrients gives this nourishing peptide its volumizing, anti-aging, cell regeneration, antioxidant, and skin strengthening properties.

Lysine is an essential amino acid, especially for the health of our skin. The body cannot manufacture it and must obtain it from food.

What is lysine used for and where can I find it?

Besides being a pleasantly easy to pronounce amino acid, lysine has this other advantage: it helps in the synthesis of collagen. This is a protein well known to be part of the composition of many skin care products because it is essential for the health of this organ.

Stress, cold sore: lysine is an ally of choice in the face of these hazards. But not only. Who is she, what is she used for and where is she hiding?

Lysine, a multifunctional amino acid

Lysine is an essential amino acid that is stored in muscles. It promotes bone growth and the production of collagen. It also fights infections by allowing antibodies to multiply. Finally, it participates in the transformation of carbohydrates into energy for the body.

In the pharmaceutical industry, lysine is used as an active ingredient for drugs that fight against cold sores. In this case, lysine takes the place of arginine, an amino acid competitor of lysine, which is essential for the herpes virus to develop.

What foods are rich in lysine?

Lysine cannot be made by the body. It is therefore derived exclusively from food or food supplements. Eggs, meat and fish contain lysine. Soybeans but also dishes made from fermented vegetables such as sauerkraut or miso are rich in it.

safe, non-toxic and non-irritant.


The power of peptides

One way to do this is to choose active ingredients that target key skin fibers like collagen and elastin. This is when peptides make their entrance: a powerful anti-aging ingredient proven to work in vitro. Peptides already exist naturally in the body’s wellness hormones like endorphin and oxytocin. They work by clinging to receptor cells and triggering metabolic actions, such as the production of collagen or the absorption and use of fat. The highly effective peptides selected for skin care are pea peptides.

The pea peptide is a derivative of natural source. It strengthens collagen and elastin, while encouraging the skin to continue its production, and stabilizes exchanges between the dermis and epidermis for firmer skin while also aiding in the reduction of dark spots, age spots.

Read more about it here:


Why Is Everyone Talking About Collagen Lately?

Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body. It makes up about 6% of our total body weight and about 65% of all the fibrous proteins in the body. It is the essential constituent of the dermis.

Collagen is made up of fibers made by fibroblasts and is mainly located in connective tissue. It is also present in bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, hair, where it acts as a kind of glue, ensuring the cohesion between cells. It brings resistance and elasticity to the skin.

Note: The Greek origin of the word collagen, “kolla” means glue.

There are different types of collagen, with different properties, depending on where it is located. For example, Type I collagen is found mostly in the dermis, bones, and tendons. Type II collagen is concentrated in cartilage and vitreous humor. The active ingredient used in cosmetics can be of marine origin, derived from algae, animal origin, fish, and crustaceans. It has a structure similar to human collagen and is safe for health. There is also collagen produced from yeast extracts.

Collagen and aging of the skin

With age, our skin tends to become thinner, more fragile, more pronounced, and less firm. Over time, we observe that the process of protein renewal in the skin decreases, and among them collagen. This phenomenon may be linked to the genetics of each person, but sun exposure accelerates the breakdown in collagen for all skin types. Collagen fibers give our skin a toned, firm, and plump look. This is why researchers and formulators wanted to integrate these molecules into anti-aging care in order to fight against skin aging and loss of firmness.

The use of collagen in our anti-aging serums

Effective anti-aging serums contain collagen derived from various sources. This molecule fails to cross the layers of the epidermis and penetrate the skin. Its direct application is therefore completely effective for a surface tightening effect; it forms a protective shield and will help keep moisture brought in by Hyaluronic acid from escaping.

So, What is the best way to stimulate the production of collagen in the skin?

To best way to stimulate the production of collagen by your body,  is to combine the use of serums (preferably, our treatments) as well as small daily actions like facial exercises:

  1. Facial massages, performed in the morning, can help strengthen your facial muscles and make the skin appear firmer, less tired.
  2. We can get used to doing them when applying our creams.
  3. Always avoid using too much tobacco and alcohol, and eat a balanced diet.

What are the properties of collagen?

Collagen is continually renewed throughout life. But as we age, its production deteriorates. The collagen produced is of poorer quality, it loses thickness and resistance leading to a loss of elasticity, tone, and firmness of the tissues. It is estimated that from the age of 30, the loss is about 1% per year. To slow down the effects of aging, collagen has made a name for itself in cosmetics. What are its functions?

  1. Collagen has the ability to attract and hold water in the tissues, thus fighting against dehydration.
  2. It also acts on the surface where it has the power to form a film on the surface of the epidermis protecting the skin against insensible loss of water and against external aggressions.

Why is collagen becoming popular in cosmetics?

Due to its direct implication in the aging of the skin, collagen has become a first choice active ingredient in the fight against aging. The cosmetics industry has incorporated a large number of treatments in order to improve the quality of the skin and preserve its youth. It is used in skin care products to stimulate the natural synthesis of collagen in order to improve the firmness, tone, and elasticity of the skin, all of these determining markers in young or mature skin.

For maximum effectiveness, we also use hydrolyzed collagen in which the molecules have been broken down into smaller particles. Remember to also use it in combination with Vitamin C, also known to stimulate collagen production by activating cell renewal, they will in the process protect the skin from free radicals, responsible for aging.

In which products can we find collagen? Serums, creams, masks, are excellent vehicles for collagen in anti-aging care. It is absolutely wonderful in the formulation of care for dry and mature skin, face and body care, and also in hair care. PS: collagen is a dense protein, a large molecule that cannot pass through the stratum corneum. It remains on the surface of the epidermis where it has an immediate tightening effect, helps maintain the structural integrity of tissues, and limits water loss, thus fighting against skin dryness and helping to maintain good skin quality. Injections are also very popular. In order for collagen to pass the epidermal barrier, it must be split into very small molecules or be injected under the skin using a small needle. So it can have a more in-depth action and restart the natural production of the protein. What are the benefits of collagen? The benefits of collagen on the quality of the skin are well established. Its activity on fibroblasts improves skin flexibility. The skin is more resistant to stretching and marks fewer wrinkles and fine lines, it is smoother and looks younger. Its surface film-forming action also brings a small tightening effect and softness to the skin.

Eating For Dehydrated Skin

The best and quickest way to find out if your skin is dehydrated is– take this test:

Place your finger flat on your cheek, and go up, a little bit, towards your eye: If small white parallel lines appear, they are streaks of dehydration. They appear not because of age, but because of a lack of water in your skin. In this case, it is imperative that you take steps to hydrate your skin. You can do this in two ways for a full cycle of 28 days.  

Here are 4 ways to hydrate your skin from the inside out:

  1.  With hydrating foods: Our body loses between 2L and 2.5L of water per day. This physiological loss is mainly compensated for by food. In particular thanks to fruits and vegetables which ensure good food hydration. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables but also dairy products is much more hydrating than that rich in proteins and starches. To help you balance your menus, here are the top 10 most hydrating foods:
  • Cucumber: 96% water
  • Salad: 95% water
  • Zucchini: 94% water, and squash: 90% water • Tomato: 93-95% water
  • Watermelon, Melon, Watermelon: 90-91% water
  • Berries: Strawberry, 90% water
  • Citrus fruits: grapefruit, lemon, orange, 89% water
  • Apple: 84-85% water
  • Dairy products: yogurt, cream cheese … around 80% water

Foods to avoid when experiencing dehydration:

  • Pineapple
  • Artichokes
  • Mangos
  • Grapes
  • Asparagus

2.  The best advice is to drink water (vary between spring water, mineral water, and tap water) or a hydrating, electrolyte-rich drink throughout the day, which works out to 8 to 10 glasses per day. Hydrate regularly you can distribute them like this:

  • Breakfast: a bowl or cup of a hydrating drink.
  • In the morning and in the afternoon: 2 glasses of water to stay well hydrated!
  • Before lunch and dinner: 1 glass of water to aid digestion. Indeed, drinking water before meals helps to cleanse the colon, which allows it to better absorb nutrients.
  • At bedtime: 1 glass of water to keep a good level of hydration overnight.

3 . With the best hydrating drinks: Drinking water can quickly become boring, even if you are already alternating with herbal teas, teas … Note that there are also other very hydrating drinks, which will also have many benefits for your body! Try Beetroot juice: rich in water, of course, but also in vitamins A, B, C, amino acids, minerals, and antioxidants. Other hydrating drinks to try:

  • Coconut water: particularly hydrating and rich in potassium.
  • Aloe Vera juice: with its purifying and antioxidant properties, it is very beneficial.
  • Fruit-infused drinks: just add some fruit to the water! Like, for example, strawberries, watermelons, cucumbers, lemon, basil, mint, blueberries… the combinations are multiple and allow you to vary the pleasures!

4. By avoiding foods and drinks that dehydrate: For optimal hydration, you must at the same time limit as much as possible the drinks and foods that will exacerbate the problem of dehydration. Avoid dehydrating drinks like sodas and other sugary drinks when possible.

Hydroquinone is Poison in a Tube

“The biological equivalent of paint stripper” says The British Skin Foundation     

 benzène-1 4-diol (DO NOT EVER PUT IT ON YOUR SKIN)



Skin depigmentation has become a dangerous planetary mode of diacetyl-boldine or kojic acid.

But to make bleaching more powerful, manufacturers are quick to add banned substances without mentioning it.

It is most often hydroquinone, more rarely mercury derivatives.

All these products act by desquamation (the skin peels) or by preventing the synthesis of melanin, this pigment produced by the cells which protects the skin from the rays of the sun.

Depigmenting your skin is not natural. Your color is the result of specific and unique genetic criteria. There is no way to radically transform your criteria without risking your health.

Aggressive or toxic products should never be applied to your skin in order to lighten it. Certain products based on hydroquinone – a chemical used in the textile industry to wash clothes – can be very dangerous. They can cause severe and deep burns, promote the appearance of certain cancers and irreversibly weaken the skin

It can cause contact eczema and irritation with repeated applications.

  1. It also happens that it produces the opposite effect to that sought: dark and permanent spots develop;

It can even cause ochronosis, a black blue discoloration of the skin, which then takes on a rough appearance. And the more the skin turns brown, the more the users looking for whiteness increase the doses. A vicious circle.


Prolonged use leads to irreversible degradation of the skin and major health hazards such as:

Reducing the production of melanin, a natural filter, weakens the skin’s resistance to the sun’s rays.

  • Scarring more difficult.
  • A more pronounced appearance of acne, stretch marks and pigmentation spots.
  • Hyper pigmentation in the fingers and toes.
  • Strong hairiness on the chest and beard (hyperpilosity).
  • Mycoses and smells of fresh fish.
  • A considerable increase in blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Skin cancer.

Apply these good tips every day:

  • Moisturize your skin morning and evening with care adapted to your skin type;
  • Clean your skin morning and evening to rid it of its impurities;
  • Exfoliate your skin with a gentle scrub, once or twice a week, to remove dead skin and blemishes;
  • Protect your skin from the sun’s rays by applying care adapted to the amount of sunshine (face cream containing an SPF or sun protection) and by avoiding prolonged exposures.
  • Make a decoction of dandelion root: Boil 30 minutes and let stand for 4 hours
  • Never apply your perfume directly on your skin with photosensitizers. Eau de Cologne, on your scarves

A brief history on the origins of Hydroquinone

Synthetic origins

It was in 1936 that Oettel.H observed a lightening of hair in black cats whose drinking water was supplemented with hydroquinone: the depigmenting action of hydroquinone was discovered! This molecule has been used in therapy, since 1961, in acquired hypermelanoses (melasma, senile lentigos). Its effectiveness is proportional to its concentration (it is used at concentrations between 2 and 5%, even With regard to its mechanism of action, hydroquinone is able to decrease the epidermal melanin content by competitive inhibition of tyrosinase. In addition, it induces mitochondrial alterations and degradations of melanosomes in melanocytes.


The second generation of depigmenters was that of hydroquinone ethers, the properties of which were discovered by chance. Hydroquinone benzyl ether was used as a rubber vulcanizer and the black workers who handled it systematically showed depigmentation of the forearms in contact with the product. Hence the tests carried out not only with benzyl ether but also with other ethers, in particular monomethyl ether. These ethers, very widely applied, were able to cause temporary depigmentation for concentrations close to 10% and a duration of application of a few weeks. They led to definitive depigmentations with destruction of the melanocytes for concentrations of 20 to 25% and twice-daily applications for approximately two years.


This substance is banner in the EU, Australia, Japan, China, UK , Africa and not by chance. They have all deemed it a dangerous molecule.  Please do not apply it to your skin.