Menopause is a stage that is dreaded by many women. We usually think of the unpleasant symptoms it brings. And yet, it is an important step for the woman, because it is the beginning of a new life!
HOW DOES MENOPAUSE HAPPEN?
The hormonal upheaval that leads to menopause does not happen overnight, but according to a mechanism that lasts several years, it begins with a pre-menopausal phase, around the age of 40.
During this phase of pre-menopause, there is a decrease in the production of estrogen by the ovaries. Menstrual cycles will become irregular,
The period when menstruation stops for 12 months is called peri-menopause. Then, at the end of these 12 months, we will then speak of menopause.
From a physiological point of view, menopause results in an absence of egg release from the ovaries and a marked reduction in the synthesis of the two hormones symbols of femininity: estrogen and progesterone.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE?
At the onset of peri-menopause, we can get some of the following, dreaded hot flashes, weight gain, pain in the breasts, problems with vaginal dryness, sexual problems, mood disorders, venous or lymphatic problems, dander disorders (brittle nails, hair loss)…pain that wasn’t there yesterday!
Some women may be subject to bone loss and/or heart problems.
Hair quality and density
The hair cycle is regulated by estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones promote the growth of quality hair. As soon as their levels drop, androgens (so-called male hormones) will take over from the hair follicles. These will speed up the life cycle of the hair. This abnormal acceleration imposes an infernal production rate on the hair follicles and roots. They then make increasingly fine and short hair. Eventually, tired, the follicles shrink and end up producing only down, then nothing at all.
OUR MAIN CONCERN TODAY IS The effects of menopause on the skin
LOSS OF HYDRATION AND RELAXATION OF THE SKIN
What are the main culprits of accelerated skin aging during menopause? Why do we see dehydration and sagging skin?
The female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are the main drivers in skin aging.
Estrogens have the particular effect of stimulating the production of collagen and elastin, proteins responsible for maintaining and suppleness of the skin. Estrogens will also boost the synthesis of hyaluronic acid. As for progesterone, it acts on the production of sebum, it helps retain water in the skin and will therefore promote its radiance and elasticity.
When the level of estrogen and progesterone is correct, the skin is perfectly hydrated, which gives a fresh, radiant complexion. But when their rate drops, as at the time of menopause, the skin then becomes thinner, drier, it will lose firmness… and wrinkles appear.
Hyperpigmentation can also form.
Some women may experience other undesirable symptoms beyond skin dryness and loss of firmness.
Thus, to compensate for the hormonal imbalance linked to the drop in estrogen and progesterone, the body will increase the production of cortisol, known as the stress hormone, but which also has the effect of boosting the synthesis of sebum. Then follow inconveniences such as clogged pores, appearance of blackheads and / or acne pimples (on the face and body). This is a form of hormonal acne.
Similarly, due to the fall in female hormones, male hormones such as androgens are overrepresented, which can have the effect in particular of the appearance of impurities in the skin.
Moreover, without this necessarily having a link with menopause, some women may be confronted, from the age of 45, with rosacea or rosacea.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the small blood vessels of the face. Are in question a hyperreactivity of the blood vessels or genetic predispositions.
Acne rosacea mainly affects women with fair complexions. It initially manifests as redness, which may be followed by erythema and pimples.
For women prone to skin problems at the time of menopause, there are solutions, externally and internally, that can allow them to go through this period serenely.
HERE IS A GREAT BEAUTY ROUTINE SUITABLE FOR MENOPAUSAL SKIN
Products to include in your routine
- CLEANSE AND EXFOLIATE YOUR SKIN TO AVOID SPOTS
At the age of menopause, the decrease in estrogen leads to a slowdown in the renewal of skin cells.
MICRODERMABRASION ONCE A WEEK
2. APPLICATION TECHNIQUES
application techniques during menopause also have a role to play in the effectiveness of the products used. There are facial gymnastics techniques to relax facial features and reduce wrinkles. Applying serums and lotions should be precise. According to the techniques of self-massage, it is important necessary to carry out movements going from the bottom of the face upwards, and from the interior of the face towards the exterior. This method makes it possible to smooth the features as much as possible and to avoid accentuating sagging skin and wrinkles.
3. PHYTOCHEMICALS in your skin serum or lotion such as
Glycosyl flavonoid astilbin and derivatives have repair and wound healing effects.
Plants containing these molecules have been traditionally used for the treatments
of a sword cut, wound bitten by animals, frost-bite, burn, suppurative dermatitis.
Extracts of the leaves of Engelhardtia chrysolepis, have been used medicinally in
east Asia for hundreds of years. Dried leaves are sold over the counter in Japan
and China and prepared as a sweet tea, named Kohki tea or Huang Qi, is an active ingredient designed to help answer the specific needs of women experiencing skin
sagging related to oestrogenic decline.
This routine lets your skin breathe to better renew itself. Collagen production increases and protects your epidermis from wrinkles.
It is important to act in prevention and to choose products and active ingredients that will have the effect of hydrating the skin, restoring its firmness, acting on microcirculation, while respecting the hydrolipidic film, whose roles is to protect us from external attacks.
4. Protect your skin from the sun
The sun is the primary cause of skin aging. It accelerates the appearance of wrinkles and pigment spots. In order to avoid these inconveniences, you must protect your skin from the sun with an SPF cream to apply during exhibitions.
DON’T FORGET A HAT AND SUNGLASSES PARTICULARLY IF YOU HAVE BLUE EYES