THERE ARE 4 SKIN TYPES:
Normal SKIN: This is equivalent to perfect skin. The one we all dream about; it produces just enough sebum to stay hydrated, feel comfortable. It is smooth, soft, and radiant with tight pores!
DRY Skin: Lacks Sebum, it feels tight, can be very uncomfortable and flaky. It feels rough to the touch and the pores are very tight.
Oily Skin: Has an excess of sebum. The skin tends to shine all over the face. It is thicker, pores are dilated with uneven skin texture. Very prone to blackheads and blemishes.
Combination Skin: It is oily in the t-zone, nose and forehead (where there are most sebaceous glands) Cheeks are dry and tight. Pores are visible and may get the occasional break out.
The first step to knowing how to pamper your skin and start a proper skincare routine that will help to rebalance it make it radiant is to know its type.
Take the handkerchief test!
Cleanse your skin without applying moisturizer afterwards, and wait 30 minutes to an hour.
Place a tissue as a mask against the face, press for a few seconds and then observe the tissue
Dry, combination or oily skin:
- If there are no traces of oil on the tissue, your skin is normal to dry.
- If there are a few traces of fat in the T zone only, your skin is combination
- If there are traces of oil all over the tissue, your skin is oily.
Honestly you also need to be observant of what your skin is doing as well. Just watch it! Look at your pores, areas of shine, how your skin responds to product. Touch your skin, feel its texture under your fingers, listen to it…Each skin is unique and it is you who are best able to understand your skin in order to provide it with what it needs.
Take a close look at your skin and ask yourself the following questions:
- Does my skin glow?
- Are my pores rather fine or large?
- Is my skin comfortable or is it tight?
- To the touch, is my skin rather soft, rough, oily?
- Do I have blemishes and blackheads?
Tip: observe your bare skin before applying product so that their effect does not distort your judgement, in the morning when you wake up for example.
The skin condition can be added to the skin type and can concern different skin types at the same time. Skin conditions can also combine with each other and will be just as important as skin type for understanding your skin and choosing the right cosmetics.
If our skin type does not change once we reach adulthood (except under the effect of hormonal treatment), the state of health of the skin evolves.
Sensitive skin: This is weakened skin that reacts disproportionately to external aggressions but also to stress and emotions. It is tight, itchy, and generally presents with persistent redness.
Dehydrated skin: Thirsty skin, lacking water (not to be confused with dry skin, lacking fat). Dehydration can affect all skin types, even combination to oily skin. Uncomfortable, the skin feels tight without necessarily desquamating, and presents fine wrinkles. THIS CAN EASELY BE TEATED WITH THE RIGHT SKIN SERUM (HYALURONIC ACID FOR EXAMPLE)
Mature skin: We talk about mature skin from menopause or pre-menopause, generally around 40-50 years old. With age, the production of collagen and elastin decreases, causing sagging skin, loss of elasticity and firmness, wrinkles and pigment spots.
Acne-prone skin: Contrary to popular belief, acne is not reserved for oily skin or teenagers! Many women suffer from hormonal acne at any age. Acne-prone skin must be treated gently, the challenge is to find effective treatments against imperfections without attacking or drying out the skin.
ONCE YU HAVE IDENTIFIED YOUR SKIN TYPE NOW YOU CAN PICK YOUR SKINCARE ROUTINE PROPERLY