Think of stem cells as blank scrabble pieces, they can fill in where there are needed because they have the ability to turn into specialized cells
In plants, they are totipotent stem cells able of regenerating the entire plant Its maintenance depends on: Self Renewal Cell differentiate Make new cells
How do they work? Scientists push stem cells to overproduce bioactive compounds to further boost the efficacy of the plant stem cell-derived active ingredients.
-HTN allows the in vitro culture of plant stem cells in highly controlled conditions and enables to take advantage of the variety of natural substance Is used in cosmetics for being very environmental-friendly,.
-Occupy very little space,
-Consuming very small amounts of water.
-No risk of pollution or contamination
-Able to cultivate Rare and protected plants (Ex. Edelweiss and Orchid)
We have mastered the culture of cells from small parts of plants, like leaf, root and stem fragments.
Plants of cosmetic interest have been limited for use due to slow growth, seasonal harvest, variation of active concentration from plant to plant and harvest to harvest and existence of toxic metabolites.
Skincare advantages: All plant stem cells provide powerful antioxidant effects ,guard against inflammation, neutralize free radicals and reverse sun. They can boost collagen, protect against sun damage, brighten repair damaged cells.
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum) is an herbaceous plant that grows on mountain ranges from the Pyrenees and Alps to the Himalayas. Over time it has developed many natural defenses in order to survive the extreme climates in which it grows. It has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
The edelweiss plant grows in harsh climatic conditions and produces active substances that can protect against harmful components such as UV rays. The Institute for Biotechnological Research in Italy has studied edelweiss stem cells for its anti-aging benefits. The protective substances of the plant are used to guard the skin, as it is used in the plant itself. The edelweiss cells contain high concentrations of Leontopodic acids A and B, which exhibit strong antioxidant properties. The firm also reports that the anti-aging ingredient helps control the degradation of collagen and hyaluronic acid in the skin. The ingredient is prepared by cutting a small amount of plant biomass into tiny pieces and placing it in a culture medium. The plant stem cells surround the cut and form a wound healing tissue (the callus), which can be used in skincare products